A Comparative Study on the Methods and Practices of English Language Teaching in Bangla and English Medium Schools in Bangladesh

Rashed khan milon, Md. Rabiul Alam, Md. Rabiul Hossain

Abstract


In the 1990s, the National Curriculum and Textbook Board revised the English curriculum for secondary schools (class 6-10) with a view to identifying the continuing deterioration of the standard of English language teaching. After a top-down revision process, the concerned authority approved the Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) approach in lieu of the traditional grammar–translation method. Since then, the CLT has become the mainstream method of teaching English at the Bangla medium schools of Bangladesh. On the other hand, the privately run English medium schools are mainly concerned with the education system set by international testing authorities such as Edexcel. This study compares the methods and practices of English language teaching in the Bangla medium schools with the current methods and practices used in English medium schools in Bangladesh. In this study, two sets of questionnaire were used to collect data from the students and the teachers to evaluate the situation of English language teaching both in the Bangla medium schools and the English medium schools. An observation checklist was used to record the findings of classroom as well as to focus on the important aspects of classroom teaching. The common practices found in the study at both Bangla and English medium schools are: Translations from English to Bangla, reading aloud, setting individual tasks for students, and memorization of grammatical rules and so on. Besides, it is revealed that some CLT techniques using L1 for giving instructions, silent reading, and explaining the new vocabulary in English are practiced in English medium schools. Other CLT techniques such as warming up activities, techniques to present new vocabulary, pair and group works, and peer correction are rarely practiced in both types of school.

Aus. J. Bus. Sco S. & IT. Vol 4(3), July 2018, P 118-126


Keywords


English Language Teaching; Bangla Medium Schools; English Medium Schools; Teaching Methods and Practices

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References


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